Economic capital is the amount of capital that a firm, usually in financial services, needs to ensure that the company stays solvent given its risk profile. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August The RAROC value indicates the size of the rewards brought about by the loss of one unit of capital, and effectively measures the efficiency of the risk of earning revenue; therefore, the bigger the value the better. The concept was developed by Bankers Trust and principal designer Dan Borge in the late s. The return on risk-adjusted capital RORAC is a rate of return measure commonly used in financial analysis, where various projects, endeavors, and investments are evaluated based on capital at risk. Operational risk management Legal risk Political risk Reputational risk Valuation risk.

Risk-adjusted return on capital (RAROC) is a risk-based profitability measurement framework Economic capital is a function of market risk, credit risk, and operational risk, and is often calculated by VaR. This use of capital based on risk.

### Return on RiskAdjusted Capital – RORAC Definition

Return on capital (ROC), or return on invested capital (ROIC), is a ratio used in finance, The ratio is calculated by dividing the after-tax operating income ( NOPAT) by the book value of both debt and equity capital less cash/equivalents.

(ROE); Return on tangible equity (ROTE); Risk-adjusted return on capital ( RAROC). Risk-adjusted return on capital (RAROC) is a modified return on investment (ROI) figure that takes elements of risk into account.

The formula.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Since these charges are considered "non-cash expenses" which are often included as part of operating expenses, the practice of adding these back is said to more closely reflect the cash return of a firm over a given period of time. Hidden categories: Articles needing additional references from July All articles needing additional references All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Login Newsletters.

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## RiskAdjusted Return On Capital (RAROC)

In corporate finance, WACC is a common measurement of the minimum expected weighted average return of all investors in a company given the riskiness of its future cash flows.

Raroc calculation wikipedia en |
The return on risk-adjusted capital RORAC is a rate of return measure commonly used in financial analysis, where various projects, endeavors, and investments are evaluated based on capital at risk.
Refinancing risk. Categories : Actuarial science Financial ratios Financial risk Capital requirement. Companies that need to compare two or more different projects or investments must keep this in mind. Third, while many financial computations use market value instead of book value for instance, calculating debt-to-equity ratios or calculating the weights for the weighted average cost of capital WACCROIC uses book values of capital as the denominator. |

RAROC, risk adjusted return on capital,RAROC. ER, expected return,ER. EC, economic capital,EC.

Calculator(how to use calculator?) risk adjusted return on.

Understanding Return on Average Capital Employed Return on average capital employed ROACE is a financial ratio that shows profitability versus the investments a company has made in itself. Allocated risk capital is the firm's capital, adjusted for a maximum potential loss based on estimated future earnings distributions or the volatility of earnings.

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Video: Raroc calculation wikipedia en FRM P2 OP RISK RAROC

Return on risk-adjusted capital takes into account the capital at risk, whether it be related to a project or company division. Non-banking firms utilize RAROC as a metric for the effect that operational, market and credit risk has on finances. Economic capital is a function of market riskcredit riskand operational riskand is often calculated by VaR.

Companies that need to compare two or more different projects or investments must keep this in mind.

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